How can Independent Black Publishing make a positive impact within the creative industry? This project will examine the history of small and Independent Black Publishers in Britain, starting with the first issue of RACE, published in 1960 by the Institute of Race Relations and concluding in the 1990s. It will explore publishers such as New Beacon Books, whose radical publishing stance was to educate and be a voice for the community by publishing previously unheard Black voices in fiction, non-fiction and poetry. It will also explore the 'lifestyle' magazines that began to appear in the late 1970s, starting with 'Staunch' , a community arts and lifestyle magazine. Although Black lifestyle-publications flourished in the 80s and 90s, the survival rate of both book and magazine publishers has been poor. My project will improve our knowledge of the history of Black British Publishers from teh 1960s, identify opportunities for growth, identify a niche for publications for people of colour and produce a digitalised archive of magazines. I will look at whether existing policies and programmes are relevant for trainees and employers in the mainstream industry and also how such policies apply to the Independent Black Publishing sector. Recent research has focused on diversity and equality withing mainstream publishing houses, without considering how best to create equal space for Black publishing houses to enable them to be a strong component within publishing, which is one of the largest growth areas within the creative industry.